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Unlocking a New Era: The Use Cases of 5G Wireless Networks

Chris Pearson, November 2023 –

In the last decade, we’ve witnessed a monumental transformation in mobile networks, an evolution marked by the proliferation of 4G LTE and now, the advent of 5G. This shift is more than an incremental upgrade; it is a leap into a new realm of capabilities. As we stand on the cusp of this new era, the anticipation for 5G is palpable, with promises of transforming industries, elevating the Internet of Things (IoT) to new heights, and unlocking innovative services that will change the way we live, work, and play. In the latest 5G Americas white paper, “5G Use Cases”, we look to explore some of the intriguing and rapidly emerging capabilities that 5G networks are offering the marketplace.

The ubiquitous nature of mobile technology, with more than 87% of the global population covered by 4G LTE, paves the way for the next leap—5G. This next-generation technology is not a mere step up from its predecessors; it’s a giant leap forward, promising unprecedented speeds, negligible latency, and the capacity to connect everything from smartphones to self-driving cars.

To navigate the vast landscape of 5G, 5G Americas has adopted a fresh framework that categorizes use cases based on two critical dimensions: technological maturity and market demand. This approach yields a comprehensive 2×2 matrix with four quadrants—Successful Case Studies, Unmet Pain Points, Uncertain Future, and Latent Potential—each providing insights into the evolving tapestry of 5G use cases.

A 2×2 framework for evaluating 5G Use Cases (“5G Use Cases“)

For 5G use cases to reach their full potential, simplicity in value propositions, avoidance of industry fragmentation, and achieving an economic equilibrium between supply and demand are crucial. It’s about creating tangible value that resonates with users, understanding the cost of providing services, and aligning it with the users’ willingness to pay.  Despite the promise of 5G, there are still significant areas where its potential remains untapped.

Uncertain Future cases show promise but face market readiness or technological development uncertainty.  By focusing on these principles, the industry can navigate the complex web of technology and market dynamics, steering towards a future where the full potential of 5G is realized. The future of 5G is a canvas of opportunity — one that we can paint with the vibrant colors of innovation, collaboration, and a steadfast commitment to delivering tangible value. 

Technological enablers like Network Slicing are reshaping the network architecture, allowing for multiple virtual networks on a single physical infrastructure. These enablers are not just technological feats; they are the tools that will allow operators and businesses to craft the services that will define the next era of digital connectivity. This breakthrough technology allows for the partitioning of the network into distinct virtual lanes, each optimized for specific services like autonomous vehicles, emergency response, or massive IoT deployments. This versatility is what makes 5G a transformative force across diverse sectors.

Network Slicing, along with other technological enablers like Edge Computing and Network Service APIs, is laying the groundwork for a future where the network is as adaptable as the services it provides. These innovations are vital in scenarios where milliseconds matter, such as in autonomous vehicle communication or in the execution of critical commands in industrial automation. The market dynamics surrounding 5G are complex, involving a delicate interplay between technological advancement, regulatory policy, and consumer demand. Operators and service providers must navigate this landscape with agility, ensuring that their investments in 5G infrastructure translate into services that are not only technologically innovative but also commercially viable.

Fixed Wireless Access (FWA) is emerging as a game-changer, providing high-speed internet access to areas where traditional broadband infrastructure is either non-existent or possibly prohibitively expensive and inefficient to deploy. 5G FWA can leverage mid-band spectrum to strike a balance between coverage and capacity, enabling it to serve a larger area with high-speed connectivity. 

Fixed Wireless Access also stands as a beacon of hope for bridging the digital divide. By harnessing the power of 5G, FWA solutions are delivering broadband speeds to rural and underserved communities, challenging the monopoly of traditional ISPs, and sparking economic growth. The deployment of 5G FWA not only extends the reach of high-speed internet but also paves the way for innovative applications in education, remote work, and community development.

The versatility of Fixed Wireless Access is also being realized in urban environments where it could provide a competitive alternative to traditional wired broadband. In smart cities, 5G FWA is not just connecting homes and businesses; it’s becoming the backbone of a new ecosystem of smart devices, from streetlights to traffic sensors, that rely on real-time connectivity to function efficiently. That is the reason why 80 percent of Fixed Wireless Access connections are expected to use 5G networks by 2028.

 (Ericsson Mobility Report, June 2023)

Private Networks have emerged as a possible new cornerstone for industries that demand uncompromised connectivity, security, and control over their communications infrastructure. Many privately-operated networks today rely on technologies like 4G LTE or Wi-Fi for connectivity. However, built on 5G technologies, private 5G networks (or “P5G”), represent a shift in how organizations approach connectivity. Built on 5G, these networks are customized to meet the unique demands of businesses, providing them with unparalleled control, security, and performance.

Private Networks offer enhanced security and reliability and are proving indispensable in sectors like manufacturing and healthcare. The rise of these networks is fueled by a demand for digital transformation, favorable regulatory landscapes, and their superior performance and flexibility compared to alternatives. 

In the manufacturing sector, for instance, the integration of 5G-enabled private networks is setting the stage for revolutionary smart factories, where everything from assembly lines to logistics can be optimized for efficiency and precision. Healthcare providers can leverage these networks to support telemedicine and remote monitoring, ensuring that critical medical data is transmitted quickly and securely.

P5G-related 3GPP capabilities (Samsung)

The road to realizing the full potential of 5G is paved with challenges and opportunities. The market dynamics of supply and demand, complex value propositions, and industry fragmentation present a multifaceted puzzle. Solving it requires not only technological innovation but also strategic clarity and a collaborative approach. It’s a balancing act between delivering cutting-edge services and ensuring that they are accessible and valuable to the end-user. The trajectory of 5G is not without its uncertainties.

The future landscape of 5G is replete with untapped opportunities, yet its success hinges on how well the technology meets consumer and enterprise needs and expectations. The industry must keep a pulse on these evolving expectations and be ready to respond with innovations that capture the consumer’s imagination and offer practical value in their daily lives. The 5G journey is an ongoing narrative of innovation and discovery. As we embrace this technology, we must also recognize the responsibility that comes with it – to use it wisely, inclusively, and sustainably. The ultimate measure of 5G’s success will be the breadth and depth of its impact on society, economy, and culture.


How are 5G use cases developing?

5G Americas provides a framework for thinking about how 5G use cases can be developed and brought to market. For more information, check out "5G Use Cases".

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