(April 2018) With the advent and popularity of the smartphone, mobile data usage has been steadily increasing year over year along a steep trend line that is expected to continue. Technology continues to advance to improve spectrum efficiency, but more spectrum will be needed to meet the mobile data demand. Licensed spectrum has been used by operators as the raw material to deliver wireless data for mobile and nomadic use cases. Incumbents who do not utilize their spectrum very often, in both the temporal or geographical domain, create an opportunity for a shared spectrum allocation in which mobile services can utilize the spectrum when the incumbent is not operating. However, licensed spectrum has fueled the smartphone revolution. So, it is important to continue to provide enough spectrum runway so that mobile data network supply can continue to meet mobile network demand. Allocation of licensed, shared, and unlicensed spectrum is necessary for the success of 5G. However, the focus of this paper is on licensed spectrum. Allocation of spectrum under one regulatory approach is not a substitute for the other. Future spectrum should be allocated and deployed in areas where it can provide the most benefit to wireless consumers.
(March 2018) The automotive industry is evolving toward connected and autonomous vehicles that offer many benefits, such as improved safety, less traffic congestion, less environmental impacts and lower capital expenditure. A key enabler of this evolution is vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication, which allows a vehicle to communicate with other vehicles, pedestrians, road-side equipment and the Internet. With V2X, critical information can be exchanged among vehicles to improve situation awareness and thus avoid accidents. Furthermore, V2X provides reliable access to the vast information available in the cloud. For example, real-time traffic, sensor and high-definition mapping data can be made available, which is useful not only for today’s drivers but will be essential for navigating self-driving vehicles in the future. Learn more about V2X in this 5G Americas published whitepaper.
(December 2017) 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, today announced the publication of 5G Network Transformationto outline the new heights of innovation in transforming both the radio and core networks for 5G technologies and the work being done by numerous organizations worldwide. The network architecture for 4G is connection-oriented and based on centralized mobility anchor points. With the exploding demand anticipated for new use cases and services, it is clear that a new network architecture is needed to satisfy the scalability, latency, or overall experience required in future networks. Fortunately, there is momentum and innovation in the industry toward meeting the requirements of 5G use cases. The new 5G architecture brings improved radio units with a much faster air interface when compared to LTE and a new service based architecture for the core.To support and enable both the known and unknown 5G use cases, a 5G Next Generation Core (NG-Core or NGC) and 5G New Radio (NR) are being clearly defined and standardized. The whitepaper focuses on 5G NGC architecture, which is defined as service-based and the interaction between network functions are represented in two ways: network functions within the 5G Control Plane (5GC); and network functions connecting to the 5G control plane from the RAN network. Network functions within the 5G CP shall only use service-based interfaces for their interactions.
(November 2017) 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, today announced the publication of 5G Services and Use Cases, an insightful industry report on 5G technology addressing new trends in a broad range of use case categories and business models with disparate technical requirements and mapping them to 5G capabilities.As an initial step towards making those connections and initiating the needed cooperation, the report by 5G Americas identifies new trends in different use case categories, outlines their technical requirements and maps them to 5G capabilities.
(November 2017) 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, today announced the publication of Mobile Video Ecosystem & Geofencing for Licensed Content Delivery outlining two critical issues that play significant factors in online digital video delivery: network and codec optimization and geographical filtering (geofencing) for licensed video content.The two important strands of technology—optimized digital video delivery and geofencing for licensed distribution— apply to the most predominant and fastest growing form of media transfer over the Internet today. The challenges related to video over the Internet will only become more complex and demanding with wider use of 3D, Ultra High Definition (UHD), augmented reality and Virtual Reality (VR).
(November 2017) Spectrum continues to be the resource in greatest demand to meet the voracious needs of a data-hungry mobile public. Exponential growth in mobile data demand, in conjunction with the spectrum needs of upcoming bandwidth-intensive applications envisioned for 5G, necessitate the availability of newly licensed spectrum pools. This paper reviews the potential spectrum resources below and above 6 GHz and notes that the allocated licensed and unlicensed spectrum below 6 GHz are currently being used for 4G and other broadband applications. This spectrum will not be repurposed for 5G for many years to come. It’s important that other licensed spectrum below 6 GHz be made available for 5G applications within the next couple of years. Additionally, examination of the potential spectrum bands across all bands shows that all spectrum is suitable for 5G applications and that action is needed now to ensure that adequate spectrum resources are made available to meet the demands of connected consumers.
Furthermore, studying the bands below and above 6 GHz shows that almost all new spectrum resources that have a potential to be used for 5G services are encumbered. These spectrum resources are mainly shared spectrum that require clearing and/or development of sharing mechanisms. This leads to the need for regulators and government agencies to take immediate actions in making sure that a reasonable amount of licensed spectrum, preferably with a good chance of global harmonization, becomes available for initial 5G deployments.
(November 2017) 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, today announced the publication of LTE Progress Leading to the 5G Massive Internet of Things to outline the technological advancements that will support the growing markets for wearables, health care, connected vehicles, and more Internet of Things (IoT). This market is predicted to be a key business driver of the telecom industry and its upcoming next generation. IoT will require new technology requirements for its varied use cases. More recently, the industry has created the term Massive IoT (MIoT), referring to the connection for potentially tens of billions of devices and machines, that will require further definition in the standards for LTE and later for 5G.
(January 2018) As it happens at a social, political and economic level, the Caribbean region has similarities between its territories at the level of Communication and Information Technologies (ICT). In the same way, there are also divergences in terms of connectivity, access to broadband and competition in each of the markets.
This white paper provides an overview of the state of connectivity in the Caribbean and its use in various initiatives that, in different markets, aim to increase the quality of life for people in areas such as e-Government, TeleHealth, TeleEducation and Telecommuting, among others.
(October 2017) Radio spectrum is of paramount importance to the telecommunications industry and especially so in the mobile sector. Mobile communications have enabled communication with persons while on the go and outside of their static places of reference and have progressively become responsible for connecting remote populations for the benefit of family members who live distant from one another. In recent years, they have enabled the first Internet access for millions of people. Spectrum allocation for the mobile industry is an essential requirement in the Knowledge Society and for countries’ economic development. According to a report from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), every 10 new broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants in Latin American and Caribbean countries has the positive consequence of raising the GDP by 3.19%, while increasing productivity by 2.61% and creating 67,016 new jobs.
(August 2017) Shared spectrum is a building block for new network innovations that will help pave the way to full 5G deployments. The 5G system operates best when given large amounts of spectrum. While sole access to spectrum will continue to be a mainstay of major public networks, the ability to take advantage of additional spectrum that is shared with others will provide expansion capacities that may be extremely important to providing subscribers with the speeds and capacities they expect of 5G. The ability to share spectrum is also being focused on to support the entrance of new operators that may deploy a network in a single facility, such as a mall, refinery or factory. Experience being gathered now in the use of shared spectrum for 4G LTE is expected to provide the foundation for the sharing of spectrum for 5G systems.As requirements related to 5G services emerge from the U.S. FCC and other regulatory bodies, the industry should provide the necessary resources to identify standards gaps and develop standards solutions.
(August 2017) LTE to 5G: Cellular and Broadband Innovation , a comprehensive 5G Americas technology white paper authored by Rysavy Research outlining industry advances in LTE and 5G. The paper provides detailed descriptions and analysis of the transformational nature of LTE and 5G networks. Although in early stages of standards development and completion at the current time, 5G could be deployed in the “non-standalone” version as early as 2019. For the 530 global commercial LTE networks (GlobalComms, TeleGeography), there are many opportunities for operators to continue to invest in many technological innovations such as Voice-over-LTE, higher-order Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO), Carrier Aggregation, Licensed Assisted Access/LWA/LWIP, Internet of Things (IoT) capabilities in Narrowband-IoT and Category M-1, Vehicle to Everything (V2X) Communications, Small Cell Support, Self-Organizing Networks, Dual Connectivity - all capabilities that will improve performance, efficiency and capacity, while also enabling support for new vertical industries.
(June 2017) At the end of 2016, there were approximately 7.6 billion mobile subscriptions, of which 1,199 million corresponded to markets in the Americas (15.77 percent)1. Within the Americas, the mobile markets of Latin America and the Caribbean share several characteristics. A common feature in the region is a penetration of mobile services that at the end of 2016 exceeded the 111% at regional level2. Of all the markets analyzed in this document, five countries have penetration levels above 140%, and seven more are between 100% and 140%. The remaining seven markets are below the 100% mark. The region also shares a low penetration of fixed broadband lines, while there is a growing base of users using smartphones and mobile broadband services. To boost the deployment of mobile broadband technologies, it is necessary to deliver more spectrum to mobile service providers throughout the region. The solution to this need will allow to continue the technological evolution to satisfy the growing demand of the society.
(April 2017) Spectrum is the lifeblood for mobile, which means it’s also the lifeblood for all of the mobile applications and services upon which nearly every person and business depends. New spectrum is critical for the success of fifth-generation (5G) terrestrial mobile service. Globally, there are significant on-going activities to identify suitable spectrum, including bands that can be used in as many countries as possible to enable global roaming and economies of scale. This paper provides an overview of the dependencies between the 5G applications spectrum requirements and spectrum ranges in the Mobile Service that may be attractive for deployment of 5G services (Section III). It also covers recent regional and global developments regarding spectrum for 5G (Section II). In considering spectrum allocations, both based in the ITU-R list of WRC-19 Agenda Item 1.13 bands, and non-ITU identified spectrum, policy makers should consider not only frequencies that can be allocated domestically, but also the possibilities provided by such global ‘tuning range’ solutions (section IV).
(February 2017) The 5G HetNet should not just be about yet-higher peak rates and new services, but about making the overall customer experience smoother and more predictable,increasing user satisfaction levels while keeping the network scalable and cost effective. Good customer experience must be a starting point, not an afterthought.No matter how 5G technical specs are defined, small cells will be an important part of delivering that experience, but they introduce significant deployment challenges once they are implemented at huge scales, as in a hyperdense network. The three key issues to consider from a deployment perspective, are: site location, backhaul and O&M. New approaches will be needed, but these can build on current deployments. In many cases, the issues are already present today in 3G and LTE networks today, but they will be magnified with the new data demands and use cases of 5G, which will drive far greater density.
(February 2017) 3GPP has had a strong history of defining the technologies that drive the largest mobile wireless ecosystems from GSM to HSPA and now to LTE which has for the first time has brought together the entire global ecosystem for mobile networks to a single technology. The success of LTE since its early definition in Rel-8 and Rel-9 has driven continued enhancements through LTE-Advanced in Rel-10 through Rel-12, and now through LTE-Advanced Pro in Rel-13, which was just completed in March-June of 2016. This white paper has provided a detailed discussion on the key feature enhancements that were included in 3GPP Rel-13 such as enhancements to support active antennas, LTE in unlicensed spectrum (LAA), aggregation of LTE and WLAN (LWA and LWIP), low power / wide area coverage for IoT applications through NB-IoT, as well as enhancements to previously introduced LTE technologies such as advanced MIMO, SON, Carrier Aggregation and Dual Connectivity (DC), and Proximity Services and Device-to-Device Communication for Public Safety.
(December 2016) Ubiquitous, high speed mobile broadband is proven to have a significant impact on acountry’s economic competitiveness and social prosperity. For instance, a 10 per centexpansion in mobile penetration increases productivity by 4.2 percentage points, according to one report. As traffic levels rise, and as more industries and cities become always-connected, the mobile networks will have to be designed in a new way. Notably, they will involve very large numbers of small cell base stations, which can deliver massive broadband capacity in urban areas and reach every corner of the country too.
(December 2016) There are powerful market drivers for small cells to be deployed in a multi-operator or neutral host environment, especially when they are in enterprise locations. Increasingly, mobile traffic is concentrated indoors, and locations of all kinds – from office buildings to public spaces such as malls or railway stations – need to support mobile usage, regardless of which operator the employees, customers and visitors are subscribed to. This is only becoming more important as businesses go mobile-first and adopt bring your own device policies. There are already neutral host solutions available and standardized. Distributed antenna systems (DAS) and Wi-Fi are well established in this regard, but have disadvantages for operators and site owners in many environments – the high cost of DAS, for instance, and the QoS challenges of Wi-Fi in public or unmanaged areas.
(December 2016) In the last decade, mobile data traffic has skyrocketed, a trend that’s unlikely to subside in the foreseeable future. The use of the Internet, cloud and the ubiquity of the web as an application platform created an unprecedented increase in traffic due in part to the development of new web standards and the innovation in mobile wireless technologies. To meet this demand, the mobile industry is rethinking some fundamental aspects of network design. With this growth in use, there’s an increased amount of data being sent over multi hop public links. For example, the industry currently uses a client-server model for applications. The client typically resides on an end user device such as a smartphone or Internet of Things (IoT) module, while the server is hosted (resides) in a large data center using either private or public cloud infrastructure.
(December 2016) The term Internet of Things has been coined to describe the vision of an interconnected network of physical objects that interact with people, other physical objects and systems to benefit society in unprecedented ways. To this end, IoT is seen as the catalyst for the empowerment of everyone and everything to reach their full potential in a world that has already seen how wireless communication can improve life in every corner of the society. This paper examines the essential aspects that encompass the development of IoT uses cases specifically enabled by cellular 3GPP technologies. An overview of IoT market drivers and requirements for IoT use cases, frames a detailed description of key radio access mechanisms that 3GPP is specifying in the context of enabling and encouraging the use of cellular connectivity to start bringing IoT services to market as early as end of this year.
(November 2016) Designing a network that can simultaneously support both a wide variety of use cases and demanding performance requirements, all with a single set of standard network functions, would be extremely complex and prohibitively expensive. The alternative “network slicing,” which is considered to be key for meeting 5G’s diverse requirements, including future-proof scalability and flexibility. The network slicing concept enables the network elements and functions to be easily configured and reused in each network slice to meet a specific requirement. The implementation of network slicing is conceived to be an end-to-end feature that includes the core network and the RAN. Each slice can have its own network architecture, engineering mechanism and network provisioning.
(November 2016) Latin America is a region where a wide range of realities and different sectors of society converge. Future challenges include not only bridging gaps in economic development, but in a range of other areas as well, including health, education, public safety, democratic stability and many others. These challenges also include Information and Communication Technology (ICT) deployment. This means pushing horizontal development to drive convergence among different sectors in order to increase and improve quality of life for Latin American citizens.
(October 2016) As its name implies, vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications and its solutions enable the exchange of information between vehicles and between vehicle network infrastructure. The goal of V2X is to improve road safety, increase the efficient flow of traffic, reduce environmental impacts and provide additional traveler information services. V2X communications consists of four types of communications: vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I), vehicle-to-network, (V2N) and vehicle-to-pedestrian (V2P).
(October 2016) Media’s share of mobile traffic is experiencing exponential growth with a predictable progress driven future. It is expected that by year 2019, 70 percent of mobile traffic will be video. As mobile networks migrate to 5G, the method for video delivery over the network is evolving, especially in terms of encryption and new protocols. 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas, today announced the publication of a technical whitepaper, Optimizing Mobile Media Delivery and The Impact of Encryption, that details reasons for encryption and protocol evolution driven by privacy, security and the increasing restrictions on network operator’s ability to efficiently manage their networks.
(October 2016) There are more than 7.2 billion wireless connections, including 1.45 billion LTE connections, around the world today that are operating with the technology standards developed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) [Ovum]. 5G Americas, the industry trade association and voice of 5G and LTE for the Americas has announced the publication of a technical Executive Summary titled Inside 3GPP Release 13- Understanding the Standards for LTE Advanced Enhancements that outlines many of the innovations that will lay the groundwork for future mobile wireless networks
(August 2016) The mobile industry is in the process of massive transformation, creating vast new capabilities that will benefit businesses and society as a whole. The step from 3G to 4G was dramatic, and the advances the industry is unleashing, initially in LTE and then in 5G, will be even greater. Standards bodies have not yet specified 5G; that process is not expected until the 2020 timeframe. But engineers have demonstrated many of 5G’s expected capabilities, and some operators have stated they will deploy pre-standard networks for fixed applications as early as 2017. 5G will not replace LTE, but in most deployments will co-exist with it through at least the late-2020s with the two technologies tightly integrated in a manner transparent to users.
(August 2016) Latin America is a region where a wide range of realities and different sectors of society converge. Future challenges include not only bridging gaps in economic development, but in a range of other areas as well, including health, education, public safety, democratic stability and many others.
These challenges also include Information and Communication Technology (ICT) deployment. This means pushing horizontal development to drive convergence among different sectors in order to increase and improve quality of life for Latin American citizens.BrechaCero.com was created with this goal in mind, focusing particularly on the use of wireless broadband networks. This is a blog produced by 5G Americas to promote and raise awareness for this type of ICT initiative. This open-access blog will provide information a wide range of initiatives, services and trends and look at the way technology is used to improve people’s quality of life. It will also have support from a number of contributors, such as analysts and other industry representatives who will provide interviews and write columns.
(July 2016) Voice over LTE (VoLTE) is being rapidly deployed in many parts of the world and is on its way to becoming mainstream in many operator networks. Video over LTE (ViLTE) is a complementary conversational video service specified by GSMA and is also being adopted worldwide, albeit at a slower pace. The expectation is that in a few years, both VoLTE and ViLTE will form the backbone of IP-based telecommunications just as voice was an integral part of 2G and 3G networks. VoLTE enables High Definition (HD) call quality, helping operators compete against over-the-top (OTT) VoIP providers. In addition, VoLTE typically offers lower delay and higher capacity compared to OTT VoIP services, which utilize best-effort bearers that in turn adversely affect service quality.
(July 2016) North America, particularly the United States, has long been leading global efforts in the advancements of mobile technologies all the way from analog through 4G, and now into 5G. The U.S. remains a strong player in the vision, definition and development of 5G by ensuring it meets North America’s unique marketplace requirements. Public and private investment in research and development (R&D) for 5G has significantly increased to ensure that it develops optimally. U.S. carriers have announced trials and early deployments of 5G technologies, demonstrating a commitment to 5G leadership
(April 2016) None of the Latin American countries have reached 50% of the 1300 MHz suggested by the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) for 2015 in its ITU-R M.2078 report. This report establishes the spectrum allocation requirements for IMT-2000 and IMT-Advanced technologies, commonly referred to as 3G and 4G, to work efficiently. These requirements are reflected in 5G Americas’ white paper “Analysis of ITU Spectrum Recommendations in the Latin American Region”
(January 2016) Deployment of this infrastructure is regulated by different legislation in Latin American countries, which is often inconsistent and contradictory and leads to delays and restrictions at the time of expanding and building new networks for providing these services. This document examines the regulatory framework of selected Latin American countries for infrastructure deployment to identify best practices in the region.
(November 2015) This white paper explores the key considerations for developing an end-to-end Cellular-IoT solution.
(November 2015) Key deployment and operational issues in the transformation to all-IP based networks utilizing Network Function Virtualization (NFV) and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) are explained in this white paper.
(November 2015) This white paper examines data offloading from licensed LTE networks to unlicensed spectrum using Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) via LTE and WiFi Aggregation, as well as using LTE directly in unlicensed spectrum.
(October 2015) This white paper expands the foundation of 4G Americas’ view of 5G recommendations that was published in the October 2014 white paper titled, 4G Americas’ Recommendations on 5G Requirements and Solutions.
(September 2015) This summary is intended to provide a brief review of some of the key specifications and enhancements outlined in 3GPP Release 13.
(August 2015) This white paper highlights the importance of Band 28 (700 MHz APT) for the development of mobile broadband services in Latin America.
(August 2015) This white paper describes the varied drivers behind spectrum requirements and the need for access to numerous spectrum ranges. The paper also offers initial exploration on the challenges and implications with different frequency ranges, various licensing aspects and potential technology enhancements to enable access to new spectrum.
(June 2015) This report is a primer on the details of 3GPP Release 12 (Rel-12) finalized standards and new work on Release 13 (Rel-13) and beyond.
(February 2015) This updated summary explains the Release 12 (Rel-12) standards and its major features and enhancements of HSPA+, LTE and Machine Type Communications as well as technology agnostic standards, and how they benefit operators and customers.
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